António Firmino da Costa
Susana da Cruz Martins
Fernando Luís Machado
João Ferreira de Almeida
Maria João Rodrigues
Household and Family in the Iberian Peninsula (pp. 62-75)
The current globalisation context brings new questions to class analysis. After a brief review of the theoretical stance and the operationalisation possibilities offered by today’s sociology of social classes and stratification, this article presents a comparative analysis in which a selected set of social recomposition indicators is applied to the European Union as a hole and to each one of its countries. One of main themes discussed throughout the article is the relative importance of national and global parameters in the structuration of class relations.
At the dawn of the twenty-first century, we must begin to think in the long term. With this endeavour, the Portuguese Presidency of the European Union initiated a special interaction between the scientific and the political agenda. The purpose of the introduction is to reveal how this cross-fertilization was developed - leading to a new European strategy that aims to create a knowledge economy that is more competitive and socially cohesive. The main political dilemmas, the main theoretical issues, the new proposals and, finally, the political outcomes will be presented, providing a preliminary framework for what follows.
This paper examines the impact, in Portugal and Spain, of the studies on comparative household structure undertaken by the Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure and its collaborators. It concludes that the underlying standard for comparison, proved inappropriate in an Iberian context and acted, indirectly, as a stimulus for the development of alternative approaches.